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Validation of Carbon Trace Gas Profile Retrievals from the NOAA-Unique Combined Atmospheric Processing System for the Cross-Track Infrared Sounder

Abstract : This paper provides an overview of the validation of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) operational retrievals of atmospheric carbon trace gas profiles, specifically carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH 4) and carbon dioxide (CO 2), from the NOAA-Unique Combined Atmospheric Processing System (NUCAPS), a NOAA enterprise algorithm that retrieves atmospheric profile environmental data records (EDRs) under global non-precipitating (clear to partly cloudy) conditions. Vertical information about atmospheric trace gases is obtained from the Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS), an infrared Fourier transform spectrometer that measures high resolution Earth radiance spectra from NOAA operational low earth orbit (LEO) satellites, including the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (SNPP) and follow-on Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) series beginning with NOAA-20. The NUCAPS CO, CH 4 , and CO 2 profile EDRs are rigorously validated in this paper using well-established independent truth datasets, namely total column data from ground-based Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) sites, and in situ vertical profile data obtained from aircraft and balloon platforms via the NASA Atmospheric Tomography (ATom) mission and NOAA AirCore sampler, respectively. Statistical analyses using these datasets demonstrate that the NUCAPS carbon gas profile EDRs generally meet JPSS Level 1 global performance requirements, with the absolute accuracy and precision of CO 5% and 15%, respectively, in layers where CrIS has vertical sensitivity; CH 4 and CO 2 product accuracies are both found to be within ±1%, with precisions of ≈1.5% and 0.5%, respectively, throughout the tropospheric column.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03020825
Contributor : Hal Sorbonne Université Gestionnaire <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 24, 2020 - 9:36:22 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 3:34:19 AM

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remotesensing-12-03245-v2.pdf
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Nicholas Nalli, Changyi Tan, Juying Warner, Murty Divakarla, Antonia Gambacorta, et al.. Validation of Carbon Trace Gas Profile Retrievals from the NOAA-Unique Combined Atmospheric Processing System for the Cross-Track Infrared Sounder. Remote Sensing, MDPI, 2020, ⟨10.3390/rs12193245⟩. ⟨hal-03020825⟩

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