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Exploring brand masculine patterns: moving beyond monolithic masculinity

Abstract : Purpose – This research seeks to explore the nature and the structure of brands’ masculine dimensions; to develop a reliable and a valid scale to measure brand masculinity and to explore the different brand masculine patterns. Design/methodology/approach – A series of four studies developed and validated a two-factor, five-item measurement scale for brand masculinity using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Content and face validities; reliability and internal validity; convergent and discriminant validities were established. Generalisability of the two dimensions across the gendering of product categories was assessed. A cluster analysis was used to explore brand masculine patterns. Findings – The results indicate that brand masculinity is a bi-dimensional construct (i.e. “Male chauvinism” and “Heroic” dimensions). A cluster analysis performed on 45 brands revealed four brand masculine patterns: hegemonic, emerging, chivalrous and subaltern. Research limitations/implications – French student subjects constitute the sample. Future studies might investigate the transferability of the results to other cultures. The classification scheme broadens the existing brand personality and brand gender literature and its derived brand taxonomies. Practical implications – The results provide brand managers with a marketing tool to measure their brands’ masculinity and allow them to adapt specific, previously developed gendered marketing strategies. Originality/value – This research contributes to the brand personality and brand gender literature with new insights about the nature and structure of brands’ masculine dimensions. The study moves the conceptualisation of this construct forward rejecting thus previous monolithic approaches to brand masculinity.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 15, 2020 - 7:13:56 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:45:59 PM




Salim Azar. Exploring brand masculine patterns: moving beyond monolithic masculinity. Journal of Product and Brand Management, Emerald, 2013, 22 (7), pp.502-512. ⟨10.1108/JPBM-09-2013-0386⟩. ⟨hal-03065867⟩



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