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Stay close but not too close: The role of similarity in the cross-gender extension of patronymic brands

Abstract : This research builds on similarity theory in order to understand the key success factors of brand naming strategies for the cross-gender extension of female patronymic brands targeting men. Study 1 demonstrates that the most common naming strategy – adding a “Men” descriptor to the brand name – does not significantly increase brand attitude as the perceived brand masculinity cannot be enhanced for men. Study 2 extends Study 1 by testing two more distant brand naming strategies: (1) dropping the first name and (2) using brand initials. The results show an inverted-U relationship pattern that reveals the key role of similarity: Dropping the first name has the most positive impact on brand extension attitude, purchase intention, and spillover effect. By contrast, the strategy using brand initials is too dissimilar from the initial brand name to be attractive to men. These findings provide managerial implications for practitioners considering a cross-gender brand extension strategy.
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https://hal-cyu.archives-ouvertes.fr//hal-03065882
Contributor : Salim Azar <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 15, 2020 - 7:33:40 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - 12:40:00 PM

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Isabelle Ulrich, Salim Azar, Isabelle Aimé. Stay close but not too close: The role of similarity in the cross-gender extension of patronymic brands. Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, 2020, 120, pp.157-174. ⟨10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.07.027⟩. ⟨hal-03065882⟩

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