Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Smart Toys in Early Childhood and Primary Education: A Systematic Review of Technological and Educational Affordances

Abstract : The present paper presents a systematic review of the last 30 years that concerns records on Smart Toys and focuses on toys regarding early childhood and primary education children (3–12 years old). This paper aims to analyse and categorise smart toys (50 articles) in terms of their technological and educational affordances. The results show that the toys are designed based on four main technological affordances and their combinations. The educational affordances of smart toys are studied in terms of different use modes and their learning objectives aimed to identify specific objectives in different subjects and objectives based on transversal competencies such as problem solving, spatial thinking, computational thinking, collaboration and symbolic thinking. Finally, with the multiple correspondence analysis, the correlations between smart toys’ individual technological and educational affordances are grouped with the evolution of affordances related to their development date. In conclusion, in recent years, smart toys concern special sciences (programming) and some 21st-century skills (STEM and computational thinking). In contrast, in the first 20 years, the interest focused more on transverse skills, such as collaboration, emotional thinking, symbolic thinking, story-telling and problem solving.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata
Contributor : ALAIN JAILLET Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, January 27, 2022 - 6:21:53 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:46:00 PM


Publisher files allowed on an open archive




Vassilis Komis, Christofors Karachristos, Despina Mourta, Konstantina Sgoura, Anastasia Misirli, et al.. Smart Toys in Early Childhood and Primary Education: A Systematic Review of Technological and Educational Affordances. Applied Sciences, MDPI, 2021, 11, ⟨10.3390/app11188653⟩. ⟨hal-03546202⟩



Record views


Files downloads