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"Propositions pour une étude des causes du décrochage d'un groupe d'étudiant.e.s de première année de licence de lettres modernes"

Abstract : The study is based on the results of session 1 of the first year of the bachelor's degree in Modern Letters at the University of Cergy-Pontoise in June 2018, which revealed a large number of failing students. Indeed, out of 119 students enrolled in Licence 1 (now L1), 64 are failing, i.e. more than half of the class. The number of failing students has increased in the space of ten years. In January 2008, out of around 100 students enrolled in the first year of Modern Letters, only 13 had not re-enrolled in the second semester of the L1. The alleged causes at that time pointed to a lack of interest in literary studies and a desire to reorient themselves quickly, a desire to find a structure with more restrictive pedagogical supervision of the type offered by the BTS, and serious financial problems leading the students concerned to take up full-time employment and to suspend their studies for these reasons, if not more (Bertucci, 2008). The reasons given by the students are similar to those evoked by the scientific literature on the subject (Beaupère, Boudesseul, 2009 ; Garcia, 2010 ; Jaoul, Grammare, Nakhili, 2010 ; Demuynck, 2011 ; Morlaix, Suchaut, 2012 ; Sarfati, 2013 ; Maunay, 2013 ; Berthet, Simon, 2014), especially when it comes specifically to the Arts, Letters, Languages and Humanities streams (David, Melnik-Olive, 2014). We will hypothesize that ten years later, the situation is not quite the same in the structure we are dealing with, and that other factors must be mentioned, i the notion of a discipline with a small student body, ii the difficulties of appropriation of the academic language by students, which would generate a possible linguistic insecurity among students, which could be amplified by literary studies, in which the weight of the norm is perhaps stronger than in other disciplinary fields. This observation, which is worrying to say the least, raises the question as to why the students in question have given up on completing their first year of their bachelor's degree in Modern Letters. It will be hypothesized that these results must be analyzed by crossing plural perspectives, whose impact on student disaffection will be studied on the assumption that it is a complex and multifactorial process. A review of the scientific literature on the subject shows that it is "quite heterogeneous" (David, Melnik-Olive, 2014: 81). Dropping out of university" is not necessarily the same as giving up higher education (Ibid. 82). It is not necessarily a "dropping out" (Beaupère, Chalumeau, Gury, Hugrée, 2007: 16- 17). Dropouts can be "identified and helped" (Ibid.). It is therefore "a reversible process" (Beaupère, Chalumeau, Gury, Hugrée, 2007: 16-17; David, Melnik-Olive, 2014: 84). It is not necessarily an "admission of powerlessness" (Rayou, 2000: 1) but an "attempt [by the student] to act on [his or her] situation" (Ibid.). In this respect, the dropout observed at university differs from the forms it takes in high school, the school context in which the notion was forged (Sarfati, 2013: 8). Nor is it necessarily synonymous with dropping out of school (Ibid.: 9). The article compares the 2008 results with the initial findings of a questionnaire survey conducted by Amel Guezi as part of his doctoral dissertation on the reasons that led failing students in 2018 to drop out of their first year.
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https://hal-cyu.archives-ouvertes.fr//hal-03704370
Contributor : Marie-Madeleine BERTUCCI Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, July 1, 2022 - 12:47:12 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:45:59 PM

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Marie-Madeleine Bertucci, Amel Guezi. "Propositions pour une étude des causes du décrochage d'un groupe d'étudiant.e.s de première année de licence de lettres modernes". Didactique des langues et plurilinguisme(s). 30 ans de recherche, Laboratoire LIDILEM, université Grenoble Alpes et Association des chercheurs et enseignants didacticiens des langues étrangères (Acedle), Nov 2019, Grenoble, France. ⟨hal-03704370⟩

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