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Theses

Étude de pragmatèmes : salutations, injonctions et jurons

Abstract : This research focuses on the lexicological description of pragmatemes. They are non-free compositional phrasems constrained by the context of communication in which they are used. In this work we adopt a contrastive French-Spanish approach. The most common expressions of everyday life involve many constraints of which we are not aware. Greeting someone with a Hello !, or finishing a letter by Sincerely, Regards, does not represent any difficulty for a native speaker. These utterances, which appear very simple in terms of their content, their form and the contexts of ordinary life in which they are used, are very singular. They are ritually used in everyday situations to which they are prototypically associated. Pragmatemes often go unnoticed in the language, as phraseological units, and it is during the translation that we realize that they can not be translated literally into another language. We must find an equivalent expression.There is a link between pragmatemes and culture. Within a linguistic community,the speakers understand each other because they share a linguistic and cultural competence. However, in communicating in a foreign language, we must consider the cultural elements that condition the situation in which the exchange takes place.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03022503
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 24, 2020 - 6:36:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03022503, version 1

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Carmen Gonzalez Martin. Étude de pragmatèmes : salutations, injonctions et jurons. Linguistique. Université Paris-Nord - Paris XIII, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA131026⟩. ⟨tel-03022503⟩

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