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Être historien sous un régime autoritaire : Pouvoir et savoir au Portugal (1926-1974)

Abstract : Between two coups d'état, the first in 1926 and the second in 1974, Europe's longest-running dictatorship in Contemporary history held power for forty-eight years in an undivided manner. The scope of the authoritarian regime was wide, affecting politics, economy, society and culture. Among all the social groups linked to the cultural sphere, all subjects to an acute state vigi-lance, the example of historians is helpful to show how the power took control of the world of knowledge. While the figure of the historian was in the course of professionalization and was increasingly associated with a university chair after co-option by peers, power was added to the process. Clearly adopting a political criterion, the regime altered the modus operandi of the his-torical community. Faced with a firm power, historians adopted a plurality of attitudes that can be analysed through two proportionally dominant postures: political accommodation and opposition to power. United by the taste for history and the desire to write it, the successive study of the two main positions allows us to explain the differentiated positions within the fragile historical community in terms of access to a stable professional status, in terms of governmental fi-nancial support for research or, on the contrary, in terms of the obstacles to historical practice, and in terms of the historiographic choices made. On the one hand, accommodated historians benefited from many amenities such as privileged access to the Portuguese university, to insti-tutions supported by the regime, and to funds for research abroad and in the country. On the other hand, the control of the political police and censorship may have complicated historical practice.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03633576
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 7, 2022 - 9:39:13 AM
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Christophe Araujo. Être historien sous un régime autoritaire : Pouvoir et savoir au Portugal (1926-1974). Histoire. CY Cergy Paris Université, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021CYUN1038⟩. ⟨tel-03633576⟩

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